MultiSelect

MultiSelect is used to select multiple items from a collection.


import { MultiSelect } from 'primereact/multiselect';
         

MultiSelect is used as a controlled component with value and onChange properties along with an options collection. Label and value of an option are defined with the optionLabel and optionValue properties respectively. Default property name for the optionLabel is label and value for the optionValue. If optionValue is omitted and the object has no value property, the object itself becomes the value of an option. Note that, when options are simple primitive values such as a string array, no optionLabel and optionValue would be necessary.

Select Cities

<MultiSelect value={selectedCities} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCities(e.value)} options={cities} optionLabel="name" 
    placeholder="Select Cities" maxSelectedLabels={3} className="w-full md:w-20rem" />
         

Selected values are displayed as a comma separated list by default, setting display as chip displays them as chips.

Select Cities

<MultiSelect value={selectedCities} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCities(e.value)} options={cities} optionLabel="name" display="chip"
    placeholder="Select Cities" maxSelectedLabels={3} className="w-full md:w-20rem" />
         

Options can be grouped when a nested data structures is provided. To define the label of a group optionGroupLabel property is needed and also optionGroupChildren is required to define the property that refers to the children of a group.

Select Cities

<MultiSelect value={selectedCities} options={groupedCities} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCities(e.value)} optionLabel="label" 
    optionGroupLabel="label" optionGroupChildren="items" optionGroupTemplate={groupedItemTemplate}
    placeholder="Select Cities" display="chip" className="w-full md:w-20rem" />
         

Available options and the selected options support templating with itemTemplate and valueTemplate properties respectively. In addition, header, footer and filter sections can be templated as well.

Select Countries

<MultiSelect value={selectedCountries} options={countries} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCountries(e.value)} optionLabel="name" 
    placeholder="Select Countries" itemTemplate={countryTemplate} panelFooterTemplate={panelFooterTemplate} className="w-full md:w-20rem" display="chip" />
         

MultiSelect provides built-in filtering that is enabled by adding the filter property.

Select Cities

<MultiSelect value={selectedCities} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCities(e.value)} options={cities} optionLabel="name" 
    filter placeholder="Select Cities" maxSelectedLabels={3} className="w-full md:w-20rem" />
         

Loading state can be used loading property.

Loading...

<MultiSelect loading placeholder="Loading..." className="w-full md:w-20rem" />
         

VirtualScroller is used to render a long list of options efficiently like 100K records in this demo. The configuration is done with virtualScrollerOptions property, refer to the VirtualScroller for more information about the available options as it is used internally by MultiSelect.

Select Items

<MultiSelect
    value={selectedItems}
    options={items}
    onChange={(e) => {
        setSelectedItems(e.value);
        setSelectAll(e.value.length === items.length);
    }}
    selectAll={selectAll}
    onSelectAll={(e) => {
        setSelectedItems(e.checked ? [] : items.map((item) => item.value));
        setSelectAll(!e.checked);
    }}
    virtualScrollerOptions={{ itemSize: 43 }}
    maxSelectedLabels={3}
    placeholder="Select Items"
    className="w-full md:w-20rem"
/>
         

A floating label appears on top of the input field when focused.

empty

<span className="p-float-label w-full md:w-20rem">
    <MultiSelect value={selectedCities} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCities(e.value)} options={cities} optionLabel="name" maxSelectedLabels={3} className="w-full" />
    <label htmlFor="ms-cities">Select Cities</label>
</span>
         

Invalid state style is added using the p-invalid class to indicate a failed validation.

Select Cities

<MultiSelect value={selectedCities} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCities(e.value)} options={cities} optionLabel="name" 
    placeholder="Select Cities" maxSelectedLabels={3} className="p-invalid w-full md:w-20rem" />
         

When disabled is present, the element cannot be edited and focused.

Select Cities

<MultiSelect disabled placeholder="Select Cities" className="w-full md:w-20rem" />
         

Compatibility with popular React form libraries.

Formik is a popular library for handling forms in React.

Select Cities
 

<Toast ref={toast} />
<MultiSelect id="item" name="item" options={cities} value={formik.values.item} onChange={(e) => { formik.setFieldValue('item', e.value) }} optionLabel="name" placeholder="Select Cities" maxSelectedLabels={3} />
<Button type="submit" label="Submit" className="mt-2" />
         

Select Cities
 

<Toast ref={toast} />
<Controller
    name="value"
    control={control}
    rules={{ required: 'Value is required.' }}
    render={({ field }) => <MultiSelect id={field.name} name="value" value={field.value} options={cities} onChange={(e) => field.onChange(e.value)} optionLabel="name" placeholder="Select Cities" maxSelectedLabels={3} />}
/>
<Button type="submit" label="Submit" className="mt-2" />
         

Screen Reader

Value to describe the component can either be provided with aria-labelledby or aria-label props. The multiselect component has a combobox role in addition to aria-haspopup and aria-expanded attributes. The relation between the combobox and the popup is created with aria-controls attribute that refers to the id of the popup listbox.

The popup listbox uses listbox as the role with aria-multiselectable enabled. Each list item has an option role along with aria-label, aria-selected and aria-disabled attributes.

Checkbox component at the header uses a hidden native checkbox element internally that is only visible to screen readers. Value to read is defined with the selectAll and unselectAll keys of the aria property from the locale API.

If filtering is enabled, filterInputProps can be defined to give aria-* props to the input element.

Close button uses close key of the aria property from the locale API as the aria-label by default, this can be overriden with the closeButtonProps.


<span id="dd1">Options</span>
<MultiSelect aria-labelledby="dd1" />

<MultiSelect aria-label="Options" />
     

Closed State Keyboard Support

KeyFunction
tabMoves focus to the multiselect element.
spaceOpens the popup and moves visual focus to the selected option, if there is none then first option receives the focus.
down arrowOpens the popup and moves visual focus to the selected option, if there is none then first option receives the focus.
up arrowOpens the popup and moves visual focus to the selected option, if there is none then first option receives the focus.

Popup Keyboard Support

KeyFunction
tabMoves focus to the next focusable element in the popup, if there is none then first focusable element receives the focus.
shift + tabMoves focus to the previous focusable element in the popup, if there is none then last focusable element receives the focus.
enterToggles the selection state of the focused option.
spaceToggles the selection state of the focused option.
escapeCloses the popup, moves focus to the multiselect element.
down arrowMoves focus to the next option, if there is none then visual focus does not change.
up arrowMoves focus to the previous option, if there is none then visual focus does not change.
homeMoves focus to the first option.
endMoves focus to the last option.
any printable characterMoves focus to the option whose label starts with the characters being typed if dropdown is not editable.

Toggle All Checkbox Keyboard Support

KeyFunction
spaceToggles the checked state.
escapeCloses the popup.

Filter Input Keyboard Support

KeyFunction
enterCloses the popup and moves focus to the multiselect element.
escapeCloses the popup and moves focus to the multiselect element.

Close Button Keyboard Support

KeyFunction
enterCloses the popup and moves focus to the multiselect element.
spaceCloses the popup and moves focus to the multiselect element.
escapeCloses the popup and moves focus to the multiselect element.