CascadeSelect

CascadeSelect is a form component to select a value from a nested structure of options.


import { CascadeSelect } from 'primereact/cascadeselect';
         

CascadeSelect is used as a controlled component with value and onChange properties along with an options collection. To define the label of a group optionGroupLabel property is needed and also optionGroupChildren is required to define the property that refers to the children of a group. Note that order of the optionGroupChildren matters as it should correspond to the data hierarchy.

Select a City

<CascadeSelect value={selectedCity} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCity(e.value)} options={countries} 
    optionLabel="cname" optionGroupLabel="name" optionGroupChildren={['states', 'cities']}
    className="w-full md:w-14rem" breakpoint="767px" placeholder="Select a City" style={{ minWidth: '14rem' }}  />
         

Loading state can be used loading property.

Loading...

<CascadeSelect loading placeholder="Loading..." className="w-full md:w-14rem" breakpoint="767px" style={{ minWidth: '14rem' }} />
         

Content of an item is customized with the itemTemplate property that takes an option as a parameter.

Select a City

<CascadeSelect value={selectedCity} onChange={e => setSelectedCity(e.value)} options={countries} 
    optionLabel="cname" optionGroupLabel="name" optionGroupChildren={['states', 'cities']} 
    className="w-full md:w-14rem" breakpoint="767px" placeholder="Select a City" itemTemplate={countryOptionTemplate} style={{ minWidth: '14rem' }} />
         

A floating label appears on top of the input field when focused.

p-emptylabel

<span className="p-float-label">
    <CascadeSelect inputId="cs-city" value={selectedCity} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCity(e.value)} options={countries} 
        optionLabel="cname" optionGroupLabel="name" optionGroupChildren={['states', 'cities']}
        className="w-full md:w-14rem" breakpoint="767px" style={{ minWidth: '14rem' }} />
    <label htmlFor="cs-city">City</label>
</span>
         

Invalid state style is added using the p-invalid class to indicate a failed validation.

Select a City

<CascadeSelect value={selectedCity} onChange={(e) => setSelectedCity(e.value)} options={countries} 
    optionLabel="cname" optionGroupLabel="name" optionGroupChildren={['states', 'cities']}
    className="p-invalid w-full md:w-14rem" breakpoint="767px" placeholder="Select a City" style={{ minWidth: '14rem' }} />
         

When disabled is present, the element cannot be edited and focused.

Disabled

<CascadeSelect disabled placeholder="Disabled" style={{ minWidth: '14rem' }} />
         

Compatibility with popular React form libraries.

Formik is a popular library for handling forms in React.

Select a City
 

<Toast ref={toast} />
<CascadeSelect
    inputId="cc_city"
    name="city"
    value={formik.values.city}
    options={countries}
    optionLabel="cname"
    optionGroupLabel="name"
    optionGroupChildren={['states', 'cities']}
    style={{ minWidth: '14rem' }}
    breakpoint="767px"
    placeholder="Select a City"
    onChange={(e) => {
        formik.setFieldValue('city', e.value);
    }}
/>
{getFormErrorMessage('city')}
<Button type="submit" label="Submit" />
         

React Hook Form is another popular React library to handle forms.

Select a City
 

<Toast ref={toast} />
<Controller
    name="city"
    control={control}
    rules={{ required: 'City is required.' }}
    render={({ field }) => (
        <CascadeSelect
            id={field.name}
            name="city"
            value={field.value}
            options={countries}
            optionLabel="cname"
            optionGroupLabel="name"
            optionGroupChildren={['states', 'cities']}
            style={{ minWidth: '14rem' }}
            breakpoint="767px"
            placeholder="Select a City"
            onChange={(e) => field.onChange(e.value)}
        />
    )}
/>
{getFormErrorMessage('city')}
<Button type="submit" label="Submit" />
         

Screen Reader

Value to describe the component can either be provided with aria-labelledby or aria-label props. The cascadeselect element has a combobox role in addition to aria-haspopup and aria-expanded attributes. The relation between the combobox and the popup is created with aria-controls that refers to the id of the popup.

The popup list has an id that refers to the aria-controls attribute of the combobox element and uses tree as the role. Each list item has a treeitem role along with aria-label, aria-selected and aria-expanded attributes. The container element of a treenode has the group role. The aria-setsize, aria-posinset and aria-level attributes are calculated implicitly and added to each treeitem.

If filtering is enabled, filterInputProps can be defined to give aria-* props to the filter input element.


<span id="dd1">Options</span>
<CascadeSelect aria-labelledby="dd1" />

<CascadeSelect aria-label="Options" />
     

Closed State Keyboard Support

KeyFunction
tabMoves focus to the cascadeselect element.
spaceOpens the popup and moves visual focus to the selected option, if there is none then first option receives the focus.
down arrowOpens the popup and moves visual focus to the selected option, if there is none then first option receives the focus.

Popup Keyboard Support

KeyFunction
tabHides the popup and moves focus to the next tabbable element.
shift + tabHides the popup and moves focus to the previous tabbable element.
enterSelects the focused option and closes the popup.
spaceSelects the focused option and closes the popup.
escapeCloses the popup, moves focus to the cascadeselect element.
down arrowMoves focus to the next option.
up arrowMoves focus to the previous option.
right arrowIf option is closed, opens the option otherwise moves focus to the first child option.
left arrowIf option is open, closes the option otherwise moves focus to the parent option.